عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The Bani-Ghaniyah were a Berber clan who, in the 6th century AH, rose to power in eastern Andalusia and Ifrighiyyah (Muslim Africa). The first emir of the new Berber dynasty was muhammad bin Ali bin Ghaniyah al-Musufi and the last, Abdullah bin Ishagh.
Following the fall of al-Murabitun with whose support they had come to power, and during the rule of al-Muwahhidun; the Bani-Ghaniyah continued to rank among ardent supporters of Almoravid (al-Murabitun) thought. The raids of the Bani-Ghaniyah on the Almohads (al-Muwahhidun) withheld peace and stability from the new dominant power in Muslim Spain for a long time to come. The army that they had mustered from immigrant and desert Arabs caused chaos and instability in Ifrighiyyah in the Second half of the 6th and first half of the 7th centuries (A H). Nevertheless, constant military blows inflicted upon them by al-Muwahhidun and the Hafsids (in modern Tunisia) finally ended the presence of Bani-Ghaniyah in Ifrighiyyah.
An offshoot of Bani-Ghaniyah dynasty was present in Mayurghah which was conquered by al-Muwahhidun in the closing years of the 6th century (A H) and kept by them until their defeat by the christians in the 13th century AD.