عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The first European enterprises to study about eastern territories, especially Islamic east, refers to the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries A.D. and simultaneous with the movement of the translation of Islamic texts to the European languages. By establishing the private universities from the eighteenth century A.D. these studies found an academic from. The orientalism studies in the various European countries due to the different motivations and political, religious and scientific goals have had various features and characteristics that can be divided into different schools upon this base. The present article which is the translation of a component of Dr. Fathollah Al.Ziyady's book Tarikh Al.esteshraq Al.Aroobi has examined this point.