عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the fundamental and effective considerations in the political and religious development of history of Islam in the second century was the necessity of the equipped confrontation of religious leaders against the Abbasid and Umayyad caliphs and rulers.
This belief was manifested with the continuous perusing of Zeid ibn e- Ali (122 After Hijrah) against Umayyad government and later on, it was followed by Zeidiyeh under the title of equipped upraising.
The present writing is to investigate the grounds and elements of developing this belief by taking advantage of Robert Gurr’s “relative deprivation theory”.
The findings of research presents that the developing deprivation of Shiite society gradually led to their dissatisfaction towards the political objectives due to the historical developments in era of Prophet Mohammad PBUH and on the other hand, the standard and beneficial justifications encouraged Zeid and its followers towards insisting on this belief as well as its welcoming by the elites and people of community