عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Todyay, a great need for research is felt in order to shed more light on past cultural and scientific relations between the East and the West. In this connection, understanding East-West relations in the Middle Ages, especially civilizational and cultural relations between the Muslim and Christian Worlds in this period, is of great importance. This is because in this period the Islamic Civilization had been involved in a close and intense interchange with the Christian Civilization in the West. The focus of this article is civilizational and scientfic relations and exchanges between the muslim World and Western Christianity in the later centuries of the Middle Ages. The Muslim World, in what is known as the golden age of Islamic Civilization, had been a strong enlightening force in cultural and scientitic spheres for thinkers and seekers of knowledge in that period. In this paper, the main point of attention has been on one of the most important aspects of cultural relations between the two civilizations, the translation and transter of Muslim texts by the Europeans in the 12th and 13th centuries AD.