عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Sophists played a great role in the religious tendencies of the society. Also safavid household had an important effect on not only the Iranian society but also the people out of Iran. Knowing the salient people of safavid household before the establishment of safavid government and the discourse analysis of their role in political – religious evolutions before the formation of this government will be the major issue of the present article.
In religious aspect, safavid household increasingly attracted people unpleased with the political issues dominated at that time toward monastery and asceticism and through sending some caliphs to various regions in and out of Iran, brought up new and old human powers. These human powers considered as Sheikh Safi’s followers came to the monastery of Ardebil and repented and asked forgiveness in the presence of Sheikh Safi and later in that of his successors.
Therefore, a great number of followers had made worried the governments of the time, so they made up their mind to annihilate the sophists and sheikhs. In the opposite, the sophists who couldn’t stand in front of the previous division of sufism consisted of religious and spiritual symptoms like before, stimulated the followers for attack, harshness, and bloodshed. So in this period of time, it can be seen a sort of substitution of symptoms in the division of sophism’s discourse and also some changes in the texts of that period from religious to political discourse (from Sheikh Safi to Sheikh Heidar, 700 to 893). These evolutions will be investigated based on the view of Lakla and Muff and the method of foregrounding and backgrounding. Lakla and Muff raised a post-structuralism view based on it all the social phenomena are formed under the effect of discourse processes.