عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Before the advent of Islam, many nations and peoples were represented by advanced cultures and civilizations. Following the expansion of the geographic borders of Islam, the Muslims became familiar with various cultures and civilizations including that of India. According to historians such as Ya‘ghubi and Mas‘udi, India is among countries which were highly advanced in such fields as medicine, astronomy and mathematics around the times that Islam appeared on the world scene. India not only influenced Muslims in these areas but greatly affected other nations and civilizations as well. This paper intends to investigate the influence of India and the Indus Valley on the Muslim knowledge in the early centuries of the Islamic era based upon the earliest extant sources. The passage also tries to introduce influential Indian scientists and the Indian heritage preserved and passed on to the present day by the Muslims.