عنوان مقاله [English]
Abaziyeh is one of the significant Islamic sects who penetrated in Africa. Followers of this sect established the government of Banirostam-160-296 after hijrah- in the west of Awsat in the second century. Banirostam was of cordially political, cultural, economical relationship with Andalusia Umayyads-138-422 after hijrah. Theses two government were the only governments of the world of Islam who were of friendly relationship with each other. Various elements led to the convergence and unity of the two governments. The most important ones were deemed to be the enmity of Abbasids, oppositions of Idrisiyan and Aqlabiyan with both states, the economical, political and cultural significance of Banirostam for Andalusia Umayyads. The penetration of Abaziyan in Andalusia led to the foundation of the two governments named Banibarzaal and Banidamar as the most important governments of Abazi in Andalusia. In this article, it has been endeavored to clarify the historical trend of the relationship of Banirostam and Andalusia Umayyads via considering the ancient sources of Banirostam, Abaziyeh, and the history of Andalusia.