عنوان مقاله [English]
Abbasid caliphs tried to strengthen their caliphate foundations supporting the tradition of chivalry in the sixth and seventh centuries and joining with Fathian. This issue led to the development of chivalry systems in the Islamic lands.
Following the Mongolian assault, taking refuge of a group of scientists, mystics and sophists in the territory of Rome Saljuqids, supporting of Saljuqid kings from followers of chivalry and Sufi sheikhs along with the political and social changes of this area, various tendencies of Sufism in Anatoly got prevalent.
The sophism of Baktashi Alawites was one of them which turned into the most influential schools of Sufism in Anatoly by preserving its aggressive nature with Saljuqids and under the great influence of chivalry tradition.
Following Baktashi Alawite Sheikhs’ gaining power in the age of Ottoman sultans and the spiritual domination of this sophism over the Yanichari army, the followers of chivalry gradually joined with Baktashism in Anatoly.
This article has investigated the effect of chivalry systems on Baktashi Alawites sophism as well as the similarities between them