عنوان مقاله [English]
Hafsids as the governor of movahedin government, firstly commanded on Tunis, announced its independence by the collapse of movahedin and Abu Zakaria the first, 625-647 after hijrah, took the control of this land by selecting Tunes as the capital of Africa. Meanwhile, the attack of Mongol in the east, the continuation of crusade wars in Egypt and Syria, the gradual collapse of Andalusia subsequent to the battle of Oqab – 609 after hijrah, chaos in the Far west at the beginning of the domination of Marinids, 614-869 after hijrah, had led to the slowness of scientific movement as well as the inactivity of educational centers in the world of Islam.
The establishment of Hafsids government, providing the security of tunes area, the support of emirs of Hafsids and allocation of endowments provided the ground for the movement of scientists from Andalusia and the other areas of the world of Islam to Africa and these issues led to the development of Islamic sciences, the establishment of rich libraries and educational institutes, and the progress of Zeituneh University as well as Shama’eeyeh School.
This writing presents a historical report in this regard and investigates the principles of Hafsids’ instruction by relying on Maliki Religion, the scientific-educational approaches in dominion of Hafsids as well as the typology of scientific – educational centers founded in their governmental terrain.